Indiens huichol

Huichol translation English-French dictionary. Other suggestions : hutchhitchHIhush. See also: hutchhitchHIhush. Reverso Team. See details and add a comment. To add entries to your own vocabularybecome a member of Reverso community or login if you are already a member. It's easy and only takes a few seconds:. Or sign up in the traditional way. The Huichol community just got our financial help. And the mask on the cover is another facet of that universality as it's from the Huichol indians in Mexico.

Join Reverso. Sign up Login Login. With Reverso you can find the English translation, definition or synonym for Huichol and thousands of other words. English-French dictionary : translate English words into French with online dictionaries.

We already explained in a former article what we did during a week in the Huichol village. Nayrit is rich in ancient traditions and lore of Cora and Huichol Indians, you will surely find the multicolored handicrafts of beads, cloth and wood fascinating.Numbering together about 40, in the late 20th century, they inhabit a mountainous region that is cool and dry.

The Huichol and Cora languages are about as closely related as Spanish and Italian and are next most closely related to Nahuathe language of the Nahua peoples of central Mexico and the language of the Aztecs. The Huichol and Cora, however, are perhaps culturally closer as well as linguistically related to the Uto-Aztecan Indians of northwestern Mexico. The people are farmers, planting corn maizebeans, squash, and cucumbers in steep hillside plots. Burning is used to clear undergrowth, plows and planting sticks being the chief cultivating implements.

Most families keep a cow for milk and cheese, and sheep are sometimes kept for wool; however, very little meat is eaten. Other barnyard animals are also kept, and hunting, fishing, and gathering of wild foods augments farming. Neither the Huichol nor the Cora commonly live in villages but, rather, have households in the countryside clustered in loose groups of 1 to 12; these are called rancherias.

Community centres consist of a church or Huichol temple, public buildings, sometimes schools or jails, and houses that are kept by some families to live in when they are at the centre.

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The rancherias may be quite isolated from such community centres. Simple pottery is still made, particularly among the Cora.

Weaving on the native backstrap loom is still done. The principal articles made are sashes, carrying bags, and wool blankets. Other crafts include cord making and embroidery. Dress is traditional or semitraditional: men wear muslin shirts and pants, sandals, and hats but may add embroidered sashes and shoulder bags and assorted jewelry; women wear long muslin skirts, long-sleeved blouses, sandals, and a cape quechquemitl over the head or the shoulders.

Ritual kinship is an important social institution among the Huichol and Cora. Resembling that practiced elsewhere in Middle Americait involves the choice of godparents at important points in the life of a child or in the lives of his parents.

Patron saints are often identified with native gods, however, and native pagan religious ceremonies play a central role among both groups. Both also use peyote in certain rites.

Huichol and Cora. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.If you take a look at the map below, you will see a green area, which outlines the tiny corner of the world where the deeply spiritual, shamanic-based Huichol people once lived.

This stronghold in the Sierra Madre Mountains long resisted the genocide of the Spanish Conquest, but has recently fallen to the modern world.

Today, only about 10, Huichol remain in their homeland, and another 10, have migrated to other places throughout Mexico. Theirs was a vividly rich culture that relied heavily on shamanic tradition to guide them and to keep them in harmony with the land. The encroachment of Christian missionaries as well as the forced farming of tobacco by the government has left the Huichol, not unlike the American Indians, struggling to keep their way of life from fading into nothingness.

As Tom Pinkson, PhD so vividly states:. The shamanic wisdom of the Huichol provides time-tested methods for opening the mind to a wider range of awareness than the materialistic-based understanding of the West.

She has spent half of her life in the Huichol community, and has personally witnessed the destruction of their ancient shamanic culture. As she beautifully states:. It is a spiritual component of Huichol farming that is missing in most non-Huichol modern day agricultural endeavors, but is as valid a part of Huichol farming practices as reading weather reports and planting by the moon are in our own.

The personification of natural forces and the creation of relationships of reciprocity between human souls and immortal nature Spirits have sustained Huichol survival in their severe environment for centuries Valdez Amazingly enough, the Huichol have absolutely no history of war.

The Huichol are dependent upon corn, planting their fields along the steep slopes of their mountain homeland. Corn was life for the Huichol Indians, as was a steady diet of deer. Due to overhunting by outsiders and the encroachment of civilization, there are no deer left in the Sierra Madre forests. The yearly cycle of preparing the fields, planting, growing, and harvesting the corn was surrounded by religious ceremony, as was all of Huichol life.

The Huichol of the Sierra Madre

But the farming of corn, as mentioned above, has been replaced by cash crops of tobacco. As Susana explains:. When traditional Huichol farmers place corn seed into the ground, they are entering into a sacred bond with the plants and every vital force of nature that contributes to their growth.

This give-and-take method has provided them with healthy organically grown crops that have fed masses of their people throughout the ages Valdez That balance has been broken, and the Huichol now stand as a broken people as well. It tells the story of their mile pilgrimage from the remote Sierra mountains into the heart of Mexico City to obtain 20 white-tailed deer from the city zoo in an effort to save the Earth from environmental devastation. With these 20 deer, the Huichol hoped to establish a deer breeding project to repopulate the Sierra with the animals, thus allowing them and future generations to once again perform their ancient ceremonies, to reconnect with their past, and with their traditions.

Now the Huichol themselves are as endangered as the deer they seek to protect. In the last few years, Mexican government development programs for indigenous peoples have been scaled back. As a result, the Huichol are beset by poverty, disease and social ills. Huichol shamanism honors all of creation, especially the spirit of nature. For the Huichol shamans and peoples, this is, and always has been, their religion.

The Huichol say we are created from the elements of the natural world: fire, air, water and earth. Because of this, each of us is a miniature universe, a mirror of both the natural and the spiritual worlds. All the knowledge and secrets of these two worlds are inside of us and everything is perfectly arranged.

indiens huichol

Shamanism teaches us to tap into that arrangement, to understand and to live in harmony with the natural and spiritual worlds. Again, as Pinkson so articulately states:. All aspects of creation are perceived as conscious, alive, containing power, purpose, intelligence, with importance and meaning—the earth, fire, sun, ocean, deer and other animals, plants, rain, rocks, trees, and rivers.

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Huichol shamanic wisdom recognizes the sacredness of reciprocity with nature, the lack of which puts us on a destructive path whose impact we experience today. Rather than a fear-based, control-with-force patriarchy emphasizing masculine sky-gods running the show, Huichol cosmology honors the Great Cosmic Mother as integral to life and its maintenance Pinkson With a little help of peyote.

Peyote was known to the Chichimeca and Toltec at least years before the arrival of the Europeans.

indiens huichol

The ceremony La Fuente Imports is proud to offer one of the most imaginative collections of Huichol Indian Yarn Paintings available anywhere on the web. Each painting is made first by spreading a thin layer of beeswax over a flat piece of wood, and then meticulously pushing thin strands of acrylic yarn into the wax to create complex patterns and symbols.

The Nierika is a form of spiritual art used by the Huicholes, a native population of the Western Central Mexico. These ritual artefacts consist in pieces of colored yarn glued with wax to round or square backings. Showing symbols and images of the rich Huichol spiritual tradition sun, moon, fire, peyote, mais, deer, etc. Huichol yarn and bead art. In traditional Huichol communities, an important ritual artifact is the nieli'ka: a small square or round tablet with a hole in the center covered on one or both sides with Shop the finest authentic rustic furniture, mexican furniture, talavera tile and pottery, mexican tin mirrors, and more.

La Fuente Imports offers one of the largest collections of Mexican and Southwestern home accessories, furnishings, and handmade art.

This beautiful, one-of-a-kind yarn painting was made by pressing thin strands of acrylic yarn into natural beeswax spread over a wooden board.

Huichol Indians - Save Wirikuta Mexico

Yarn art is made in limited quantities by the Huichol and Tepehuano Indians of southwestern Mexico. This art is from the Huichol people, often depicting visionary experiences with Peyote, a cactus containing the hallucinogenic drug, Mescaline.T he Huichol are a small tribe of approximately 35, living in central western Mexico near Ixtlan in the Sierra Madre Mountains.

They are said to be the last tribe in North America to have maintained their pre-Columbian traditions. Their shamans and healers practice today as they have for generations. In part, their survival is due to the focus of their traditions, as well as their remote mountainous territory. The Dance of the Deer Foundation is dedicated to the continued survival of the ancient indigenous way of the Huichol. How do you pronounce Huichol?

What does Huichol mean? Huichol is a term given by the Spanish. What is Huichol Shamanism? Huichol Shamanism is an ancient form of spirituality practiced for thousands of years. It is a way of living in harmony with nature and all of life. Shamanism is a way of life for the Huichol.

indiens huichol

It is something inherent to life itself, as it is the way of living in harmony with nature and all of creation. The Huichol were once considered a Nation of Shamans. Today, there are still many shamans who continue to perform ceremonies and heal the people. The Huichol live in a remote region of the Sierra Madre mountain range.

Their rugged environment has protected them from cultural intrusion for hundreds of years. The Huichol way of life continues today much as it has for thousands of years. Still without electricity or running water, the Huichol people rely on their relationship with nature to sustain their communities. He was a farmer, healer, master ceremonial leader, and a revered and respected elder throughout the Sierras. He dedicated his whole life to completing the sacred path of the shaman and it is his life and vision that are the inspirations for the Dance of the Deer Foundation.

Tell your people to pray and follow the deer all the way to their hearts. We also founded the Huichol Foundation to manifest sustainable support for this ancient culture. The Huichol way of life is rich with ceremonial practices. There are specific ceremonies for the four seasons, which are intended to bring balance and harmony to each individual, the community and all of life.

The ceremonies are a time for the people to come together and focus on the spirit world, this normally hidden universe that runs parallel to our world. They say that this, in turn, imparts good health and good luck to all. It is also a way to connect with the Deer Spirit, probably the most important of the Huichol animal powers. The deer is seen as an elder brother, a guide, which the shamans use to navigate the spirit realm and also for healing. In their mythology, the gods and goddesses taught the deer in ancient times.

He was the first student of shamanism, the first to learn the secrets of the original shaman, Grandfather Fire. Shamanism is an ancient healing tradition and moreover, a way of life. Huichol shamanism honors all of creation, especially the spirit of nature- the power of the animals, the winged ones, the minerals, and plants. This shamanic tradition involves healing and empowerment through personal transformation and direct experience as well as the healing of our families, communities and our environment.

The Huichol say we are created from the elements of the natural world- fire, air, water and earth. Because of this, each of us is a miniature universe, a mirror of both the natural and the spiritual worlds.What started out as simply giving some food and clothes to a displaced group of Christian Huichols turned into a new saga in the Huichol story - they now have land of their own and we are now in the building process of carving out a whole new community out of rock and mountain.

We also need to finish the concrete floor in the community shelter 10 meters x 6 meters to go and my next goal is to install three W solar panels and battery storage and an invertor to run a TV and 3ABN religious programming satellite system. We need to get the other Ejidade Huichols non christians - pagans living on the lake paddling in on Friday nights for TV as they come to get their water. We have one of the two springs on the lake; even if it is only 1 liter a minute.

That's why the storage tank as a flywheel for the spring was necessary. Yes, the pagan Huichols set the Christian Huichol's houses on fire with them inside to get rid of them from their homeland.

Hard to believe in today's age. There are several groups there, only one is affected by what you read below. Here is just another proof that the end times are here. Pastor Dagoberto has been working with the Huichol Indian tribe for the past 8 years. Their base religion is paganism except for those who have converted to Christianity through Dagoberto's efforts as well as other's efforts as well.

Irina and I have made trips with Pastor Dagoberto to this area taking with us pickup loads of food, medical supplies, doctors, and a dentist for the weekend. Pastor Dagoberto is not allowed to preach Christianity on Huichol land but has a church in between two groups of Huichols that is considered no man's land; where they come for service.

He flies a small airplane in most of the time and lands on a dirt road runway. This group in the pics below have converted to Christianity and were attending Christian service in Huichol country.

As their conversion brought out truth in what they should and should not put into their bodies, a conflict arose with the Huichols that were NOT Christian but who choose to maintain their pagan customs. Fermented tejuino itself is not too strong but they add alcohol to it to make things more crazy. These people decided to no longer take part in these ritualistic fiesta type of gatherings of drunkedness and stupor. They even set fire to some of their homes.

They said if they did not take part in these pagan rituals of alcohol and drugs, they were no longer Huichols. So these people left with almost only the clothes on their backs and their homes were given to other Huichols. Love of Yahweh took precedence over man's customs they now knew were wrong. There are about 32 of them counting men, women and children.

I even made them a gallon of my special salsa see www. A little money goes a long ways here. ALL funds collected will go for food and building materials. Thanks, Ber Hold mouse arrow over pics to read picture caption.The Guachichiles were known to be bellicose and fiercely defensive of their territory.

The writings of Alonso Ponce, that date from the yearindicate that the province of Tepeque was inhabited by an ethnic group who used to unite with the Guachichiles to carry out attacks and incursions on Spanish settlements and caravans.

In addition, those natives who did not die of the epidemics suffered due to the concentrations and encomiendas carried out by the Spaniards in order to work the recently discovered mines of the region. These experiences are also documented in the oral history of wixaritari.

It is likely that there was mixing among the ethnic groups, as is evidenced by the many traditions, rituals as the one of the use of chimales, or woods of oration, and the use of peyote in their ceremonies shared among the groups.

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It is clear that the two ethnic groups would unite under a single leader to defend themselves from Spanish incursions and to mount rebellions against the Spanish colonial government. Huichol words conform to four patterns according to their inflection: type I words, principally verbs, are inflected for person and mode, and type II words, principally nouns, are capable of being inflected for number and possession.

Type III words include quantifiers and are inflected for case and optionally for gender and person. Type IV words are uninflected. Complemented sentences contain object-like constituents, termed complements.

An Introduction to Indigenous Huichol Art in 15 Stunning Artworks

True objects do not stand in cross reference with any affix in the verbal. Complements include quotative phrases and direct objects of double transitive sentences. Huichol minor sentence types are vocatives and exclamations.

In summer, when the rains come, they live on their ranchos farms in tiny rancherias hamlets and make cheese from the milk from their cattle, which they slaughter and eat usually only during celebrations.

Marriages are arranged by the parents when the children are very young. Huichol usually marry between the ages of fourteen and seventeen. Extended Huichol families live together in rancho settlements.

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These small communities consist of individual houses which belong to a nuclear family. Each settlement has a communal kitchen and the family shrine, called a xiriki, which is dedicated to the ancestors of the rancho. The buildings surround a central patio. The individual houses are traditionally built of stone or adobe with grass-thatched roofs.

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A district of related ranchos is known as a temple district. Each community district is ruled by a council of kawiterutsixielder men who are usually also shamans. Crafts of the Huichol include embroiderybeadwork, sombreros hatsarchery equipment, prayer arrows, and weaving, as well as "cuchuries", woven or embroidered bags.

The Huichol seek autonomy in their land, but have two governments, one native to the Huichol and one answering to the Mexican Government through "Municipal Agents" in the larger settlements. The government has established schools without much success in the Huichol Zone during the last 40 years, both church and state.

A private Junior High School has led to some friction between "Town" and "Gown" among members of the tribe.

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